PROTOCOLE III – on a framework agreement between the European Union and Ukraine establishing the general principles of Ukraine`s participation in trade union programmes In March 2007, negotiations for a new expanded agreement, which would replace the previous PARTNERSHIP and cooperation agreement between the EU and Ukraine under the EU-Ukraine action plan. The European Coal and Steel Community was established in 1952 from six Western European countries. This would lead to the European Union in 1992, as the central powers would increase and the number of members would reach 28 in 2013. The Union has a common market and in particular has the competence to conclude trade agreements. The Union has only the competence conferred on it by its Member States and, therefore, when a treaty covers areas in which it is not competent, the Member States become parties to the Treaty next to the Union. On the proposal of the EU and with the agreement of its Ukrainian counterparts, the agreement received its final and official title of “association agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, on the one hand, and Ukraine on the other”. The parties will gradually establish a free trade area known as the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (ACFTA), over a maximum transitional period of 10 years from the time the agreement comes into force.  In particular, the preamble, Title I ,” General Principles, Title II, “Political Dialogue and Reform, Political Association, Cooperation and Convergence on Foreign and Security Policy” and Title VII “Institutional, General and Definitive Provisions” of the Agreement. This new agreement should first replace the partnership and cooperation agreement. If Ukraine opted for the agreement, the customs union of the Eurasian Economic Commission of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia would withdraw from free trade agreements with the country, said Russian presidential adviser Sergei Glazyev.  On 21 November 2013, a Ukrainian government decree suspended preparations for the signing of the agreement, which was to be signed at an EU summit in Vilnius from 28 to 29 November 2013, and it was not signed.
[h]         The decision to organize the signing of the Association Agreement led to the Ukrainian revolution in 2014.   The conclusion of negotiations on the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement was announced at the EU-Ukraine summit on 19 December 2011. This agreement is more important than similar agreements between the EU and other Central and Eastern European countries.